The effects of various casting parameters were measured for films of novolacs (cresol-formaldehyde resins) containing pyrene groups either covalently bound to the polymer chain or physically dispersed in the novolac matrix. Aggregation of the dispersed pyrene was observed, as measured by excimer fluorescence and crystallite formation of the pyrene. The phase separation was enhanced in static-cast films over spin-cast films. Pyrene aggregation in films was also affected by the choice of casting solvent even though no significant solvent effects were observed for the tagged polymer or free pyrene in solutions of the casting solvents. A minimum in the plot of the excimer-to-monomer ratio for the films versus the dipole moment of the casting solvent occurred at about the dipole moment expected for the novolac. Pyrene aggregation appears to be more dependent on the interactions of the casting solvent and the host polymer rather than on the interaction of either with the pyrene itself
Посилання на статтю:
The influence of solvent on labelled and free pyrene aggregation in novolac solutions and films / Laura L. Kosbar and Curtis W. Frank // Polymer. – 1992. – Vol 33. – P. 141-151.