A method of derivation of the solubility parameter 6 = (ho/Vo)1/2 from the thermal transition behaviour is proposed for amorphous and crystalline polymers, where ho is the cohesive enthalpy per molar structural unit and Vo is the molar volume (cm 3 ). For amorphous polymers, at a temperature T ( < Tg) h0 is given as : h 0 ~ hg + h s (h s ~ hg + Ah) where h, is the glass transition enthalpy per molar structural unit for a polymer glass, h s is the transition enthalpy per molar structural unit of the localized solid parts in a polymer glass, and Ah is the enthalpy change per molar structural unit relating to the disappearance of localized solid parts just above Tg. For polystyrene and poly(vinyl acetate), the values of 6 from the above equation are in good agreement with reference values. For crystalline polymers, h o at T was given by Tanaka as, relating to Tg and T°: T°> T> Tg, ho,~hu+h x T <~ T,, ho ..~ hu + h~ + h, where hu is the heat of fusion per molar structural unit and h, is the heat of transition per molar structural unit due to q uasicrystals in the amorphous region. The values of 6 from the above equation for poly (ethylene terephthalate) and nylon-6,6 are in good agreement with reference values, and for nylon-6 and nylon-12 almost equal to that of nylon-6,6.
Посилання на статтю:
Prediction of solubility parameter from thermal transition behaviour in polymers / Nobuyuki Tanaka // Polymer. – 1992. – Vol 33. – P. 623-626.