Thermally responsive gels of poly(vinyl methyl ether) (PVME) were formed by the v-irradiation of solutions of linear PVME. Under precisely defined synthesis conditions, the shrinking rates of the gels could be increased to values well above the range observed for gels formed by copolymerization/crosslinking reactions. This enhancement in rate appears related to the development of a microporous structure which allows the convective expulsion of solvent from the network; this occurs more quickly than the diffusive motion of the network. The overall rate of a cyclical process using responsive gels can also be enhanced if one stage of the process, either swelling or shrinking, is reversed before equilibrium is achieved.
Посилання на статтю:
Volume change kinetics of temperature-sensitive poly(vinyl methyl ether) gel / B. G. Kabra, M. K. Akhtar and S. H. Gehrke* // Polymer. – 1992. – Vol 33. – P. 990-995.