Thermodynamic analysis of solid-liquid phase separation was performed using Flory's equation of state theory adapted to polymer/oligomer systems. Interaction parameters were estimated for isotactic polypropylene/n-alkane and isotactic polypropylene/n-fatty acid systems using parameters determined in the previous paper in this series. The adapted Flory's equation of state theory and parameters proved reliable by comparing the estimated interaction parameters with the experimental ones obtained from melting temperature depression measurements. Isotactic polypropylene/n-alkane systems have dominant free volume effects. Isotactic polypropylene/n-fatty acid systems have greater enthalpic interactions than isotactic polypropylene/n-alkane systems due to the functional end group of the n-fatty acid. The free volume effect decreased with increasing chain length. Isotactic polypropylene/n-alkane systems were stable within the temperature range of interest, and isotactic polypropylene/n-fatty acid systems were expected to be unstable at temperatures below the iPP crystallization curves.
Посилання на статтю:
Thermodynamics of polymer/diluent systems for thermally induced phase separation: 2. Solid-liquid phase separation systems / Sung Soo Kim and Douglas R. Lloyd // Polymer. – 1992. – Vol 33. – P. 1036-1046.