Tensile creep compliances have been determined for PVC over a wide range of times (t = 10 s to l06 s) at 23°C. Results were obtained on samples of different age characterized by the elapsed time t~ between quenching from 85°C and the instant of load application. Various empirical functions were employed to model the data from both short-term (t ~< 0.2te) and long-term (t > 0.2te) tests in terms of compliance contributions from secondary (fl) and glass-rubber (ct) retardation regions. Results of these analyses suggest that physical ageing produces a decrease in strength of the fl-process, an increase in average retardation time for the ~-process and negligible changes in the widths of the respective retardation time distributions. Comments are made on the structural significance of the results for the fl-process and on the validity of functions used to describe the creep curves.
Посилання на статтю:
Physical ageing and creep in PVC / B. E. Read, G. D. Dean, P. E. Tomlins* and J. L. Lesniarek-Hamid // Polymer. – 1992. – Vol 33. – P. 2689-2698.