Properties of idealized silica-siloxane mixtures are described within the framework of a percolation process. Polymer chains are considered as bifunctional units of percolation. Silica particles are considered as units of percolation with a high functionality, fc (fc ~- 102 ) ; fc is determined by the process of chain adsorption which results from the formation of hydrogen bonds with the silica surface. The state of gelation of a given mixture is characterized by using three variables : the initial specific amount of polymer Qi, the specific amount of adsorbed polymer Qf, and the chain molecular weight/~.. A diagram is proposed to distinguish domains where an infinite cluster is formed from domains in which the clusters formed have a finite size. Expressions of the modulus of elasticity above the threshold of percolation are proposed.
Посилання на статтю:
Sol or gel-like behaviour of ideal silica-siloxane mixtures: percolation approach / Jean-Pierre Cohen-Addad // Polymer. – 1992. – Vol 33. – P. 2762-2767.