Amorphous polycarbonate with various mechanical and/or thermal histories was investigated via macroradical decay in the temperature interval between -30°C and 100°C by e.p.r, spectroscopy. The decay of end macroradicals was found to take place at low temperatures more rapidly in anisotropic drawn samples than in isotropic materials. The rate constants of both samples show breaks at ~20°C and 70°C and coincide at higher temperatures. After heating in the region below the glass transition temperature, the order of the rate constants is maintained but the decay is more rapid in aged samples compared to unaged materials. The concentration and kinetic characteristics are correlated with previous small-angle X-ray scattering results and the dynamic-mechanical relaxation results presented here and interpreted in terms of changes in free volume characteristics after cold deformation and/or annealing of polycarbonate.
Посилання на статтю:
Study of the influence of physical ageing and rejuvenation on macroradical reactivity in polycarbonate / J. Bartof, F. Sz6cs and M. Klimovb // Polymer. – 1992. – Vol 33. – P. 3536-3539.