A novel method of preparation of strong poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) hydrogels was developed without utilization of chemical crosslinking or other reinforcing agents. Aqueous solutions containing 10-15 wt% PVA were frozen at -20°C for 1-24 h. They were subsequently thawed at 23°C for up to 24 h. This process was repeated four more times and the weight change and degree of swelling were measured after each freezing-thawing cycle. Strong thermoreversible hydrogels exhibiting mechanical integrity were obtained with 15 wt% solutions frozen at -20°C for 24 h and thawed at 23°C for any time period. The process of reinforcement of these thermoreversible hydrogeis was a densification of the macromoleeular structure. The densification process was more prominent for gels that had been exposed to up to five freezing-thawing cycles. Compressive creep studies indicated that the gel compliance was relatively constant over a wide range of stresses and decreased as the number of freezing-thawing cycles increased
Посилання на статтю:
Poly(vinyl alcohol) hydrogels prepared by freezing-thawing cyclic processing / Shauna R. Stauffer* and Nikolaos A. Peppas // Polymer. – 1992. – Vol 33. – P. 3932-3936.