Solution-state 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectra are presented for the emeraldine base and leucoemeraldine base forms of polyaniline. The bulk of the leucoemeraldine base sample gives a simple two-line spectrum, which is readily assignable. The emeraldine base samples give spectra of much greater complexity, showing many more lines than there are carbons in the postulated chain repeat unit. This is rationalized in terms of slow interchange of the many conformers available to the emeraldine base form. A quantitative 'region assignment' is made. Gel permeation chromatography measurements show that interconversion between the two forms is achieved without either significant crosslinking or chain scission. The minor peaks in the spectrum of the leucoemeraldine base form due to chain defects (including chain ends) are compared with chemical shift values calculated for postulated structures, and some structures can be rejected on the basis of this.
Посилання на статтю:
Solution-state carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance studies of polyaniline / A. M. Kenwright* and W. J. Feast and P. Adams and A. J. Milton and A. P. Monkman // Polymer. – 1992. – Vol 33. – P. 4292-4298.