The kinetics of bulk free radical polymerization of sytrene is studied with the symmetrical bifunctional initiator 2,5-dimethyl-2,5-bis(2-ethyl hexanoyl peroxy)hexane. The initiator, monomers and live polymers undergo complex initiation, propagation, chain transfer and chain termination reactions due to the presence of two labile peroxide groups of equal thermal stabilities in the initiator. The effects of reaction temperature and initiator concentration on the polymerization rate and polymer molecular weight properties have been investigated. It is shown that the composition of a polymerizing mixture is influenced by the initiator concentration and reaction temperature. The apparent initiator efficiency factor was found to decrease as the initiator concentration increased. A detailed kinetic model is also presented and used to analyse the fate of peroxide groups during the course of polymerization.
Посилання на статтю:
Kinetics of free radical styrene polymerization with the symmetrical bifunctional initiator 2,5-dimethyl-2,5-bis (2-ethyl hexanoyl peroxy) hexane / Won Jung Yoon and Kyu Yong Choi // Polymer. – 1992. – Vol 33. – P. 4582-4591.