Copolymers of furfuryl methacrylate (F) and N-vinylpyrrolidone (P) were prepared by free radical polymerization in N,N-dimethylformamide solution at 50°C, using 2,2'-azobisisobutyronitrile as initiator. The reactivity ratios of both monomers were calculated according to the general copolymerization equation using the Fineman-Ross and Kelen-TiJd6s linearization methods, as well as the Tidwell and Mortimer non-linear least-squares treatment. The reactivity ratios obtained were rF=3.92 and rp=0.004. The microstructure of the copolymer chains is described on the basis of first-order Markov statistics, and the copolymer glass transition temperatures (Tgs) were determined calorimetrically. The variation of Tg with copolymer composition is discussed according to modern methods, considering the sequence distribution of monomeric units along the copolymer chains. Also the Tg of the corresponding homopolymers was determined giving the values Tg(F)=392K and Tg(P)= 358 K, whereas the Tg of the corresponding alternating diad has an average value of Tgvp= 347 K.
Посилання на статтю:
Free radical copolymerization of furfuryl methacrylate and N-vinylpyrrolidone / Dionisio Zaldivar and Carlos Peniche* and Anna Bulay // Polymer. – 1992. – Vol 33. – P. 4625-4629.