Experimental results on the effects of specimen thickness and environmental temperatures on fatigue fracture behaviour of poly (ether ether ketone) (PEEK) are reported. Low cycle fatigue experiments are conducted on injection moulded single-edge notched specimens of 1.57, 2.70 and 5.42 mm in thickness at ambient temperatures, and on specimens 2.70 mm thick at environmental temperatures of 39, 50, 63, 75 and 100C. In all the thickness experiments and in the experiments with temperatures of 39 and 50'~C, the crack tip profile is initially round. At long crack lengths the crack tip profile changes to a triangular shape. When the test temperature is 63, 75 and 100°C, the crack tip remains round throughout the fracture process. The crack tip angle is primarily dependent upon the test temperature. Examinations of the fracture surfaces and transverse sections indicate that in the thickest specimen, relatively rough fracture surfaces are observed and a few discontinuities (crazes or cracks) underneath the main crack path. Thus, crack propagates in a 'brittle' manner. In all other experiments both 'brittle' and 'ductile' modes of fracture are observed. The point of transition from 'brittle' to 'ductile' fracture is dependent upon the specimen thickness and test temperature. Fatigue striations are seen throughout the fracture surfaces. Correlation of the striations and the number of cycles indicates a one-cycle crack growth mode. Hysteretic losses during fatigue crack growth are negligible until a few cycles prior to unstable fracture. Crack opening displacements are independent of the specimen thickness and increase with rise in temperature. When crack growth rates are correlated with the elastic energy release rate, they are independent of specimen thickness and increase with increase in temperature.
Посилання на статтю:
Fatigue fracture behaviour of PEEK: 2. Effects of thickness and temperature / M. Brillhart and J. Botsis // Polymer. – 1992. – Vol 33. – P. 5225-5232.