In the so-called in situ sequential interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs), the two networks are formed after each other, and the network formed first is thought to impede gross phase separation in the final material. This is contrary to the other type of IPNs (in situ simultaneous), in which the formation of both networks is initiated at once and proceeds to completion more or less simultaneously. In order to verify more accurately this assumption, which is not inconsistent with transmission electron microscopy findings, a solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance lineshape analysis technique has been used to investigate the degree of phase dispersion of IPNs of both types composed of an elastomeric polyurethane (PUR) (25 wt%) and a crosslinked poly(methyl methacrylate). The results confirm that such IPNs, when prepared sequentially, have a higher degree of phase dispersion than those obtained by the simultaneous synthesis method. Furthermore, in the corresponding neat PUR networks, built up from aromatic pluriisocyanate and poly(oxypropylene glycol) (POPG), the rigid crosslink points are not composed of isocyanate only, but include some oxypropylene mers; it appears that the amount of the rigidified part is the same, whatever the molecular weight of POPG.
Посилання на статтю:
Nuclear magnetic resonance lineshape studies of interpenetrating polymer networks / Nathalie Parizel*, Guy Meyer and Gilbert Weill // Polymer. – 1993. – Vol 34. – P. 2495-2502.