Irradiated polymers such as polystyrene (PS), poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) and poly(~-methylstyrene) (PoeMS) have been studied using size exclusion chromatography and double-modulation electron spin resonance (d.m.e.s.r.). Size exclusion chromatography coupled on-line with low-angle laser light scattering and viscometry have demonstrated that PS irradiated in the solid state gives only slight increases of molecular weight and viscosity with increasing dose. When irradiated in solution, the results confirm the existence of a highly crosslinked and heterogeneous PS matrix. PMMA and P~MS undergo degradation at the same doses. The d.m.e.s.r, spectra of a spin probe in the slow-motion region have been used to investigate the heterogeneity of the polymer matrix introduced by changes in crosslinking or by degradation. Discrete molecular motions of a spin probe above the internal probe transition (g 190 K) are very sensitive to local matrix density and to side-chain relaxation modes. The d.m.e.s.r, spectra indicate clearly a bimodal motion of spin probes located in regions of two considerably different crosslink densities of the PS matrix irradiated in solution.
Посилання на статтю:
Study of irradiated polymers using double-modulation electron spin resonance and size exclusion chromatography / Srecko Valic, Boris Rakvin, Franjo Ranogajec and Zorica Veksli // Polymer. – 1993. – Vol 34. – P. 2929-2933.