Ternary neodymium-based catalysts of the form Nd(carboxylate)a/Al(i-butyl)2H/'e'tbutyl chloride for the high-cis polymerization of 1,3-butadiene have been examined. The carboxylates of a range of neo and iso monocarboxylic acids have been used and their effects on catalyst activity and polymer molecular weight examined. Catalysts prepared using neoacids are more active and give lower molecular weight polymer than catalysts prepared using isoacids. Increasing the chain length of carboxylic acid gives more active catalysts; this trend is more prominent within the isoacids than the neoacids. Increased catalyst activity is explained in terms of the changing nature of the Nd-O bond in the Nd(carboxylate)3 and the ease of alkylation in the formative step of catalyst active site creation.
Посилання на статтю:
A rare earth catalyst system for the polymerization of 1,3-butadiene: the effect of different carboxylates / David J. Wilson // Polymer. – 1993. – Vol 34. – P. 3504-3508.