Complex mechanical properties of dodecane/polystyrene systems were studied. The temperature and frequency dependence of the shear modulus was studied for various samples containing different amounts of dodecane. Addition of dodecane lowered the temperature at which mechanical transitions occurred and broadened the transition region. The modulus decreased with increasing dodecane content. The temperature and concentration dependences of the shift factor were determined by time-temperature and time-concentration superposition and analysed by a free-volume model and an entropy model. The concentration effect on the temperature-dependent shift factor was validated by an entropy model. The frequency-dependent complex moduli master curves experimentally determined were converted to a discrete relaxation time spectrum; subsequently, the time-dependent material function could be determined from the relaxation spectrum. The relaxation spectrum shifted significantly to shorter times with increasing concentration of dodecane
Посилання на статтю:
Viscoelastic properties of dodecane/polystyrene systems / Dukjoon Kim, James M. Caruthers and Nikolaos A. Peppas // Polymer. – 1993. – Vol 34. – P. 3638-3647.