Equations are derived to predict the effects of physical ageing on the Young's modulus, yield stress, yield strain and stress-strain relationship of glassy polymers in uniaxial compression. The stress-strain behaviour of a quenched and annealed polymer depends on the timescales in which the amorphous solid is aged, relaxed and measured. The mechanical properties of polystyrene are calculated as a function of annealing time, annealing temperature and strain rate. The calculation reveals that both Young's modulus and yield stress increase with ageing, but the yield strain decreases only slightly. As ageing continues, polymers become more brittle. In the glass transition region, the effects of physical ageing on Young's modulus and yield stress diminish after a critical ageing time. The critical time is a function of annealing temperature, and is related to how the non-equilibrium glassy state approaches equilibrium.
Посилання на статтю:
Stress-strain behaviour of physically ageing polymers / T. S. Chow // Polymer. – 1993. – Vol 34. – P. 541-545.