The use of supercritical fluids as media for several types of polymer modification is demonstrated. Treatment of mixtures of chitosan with glucose or malto-oligosaccharides in supercritical carbon dioxide afforded the corresponding water soluble imine-linked, branched chitosan derivatives with high degrees of conversion. These transformations were substantially more facile and complete than previously reported equivalent reactions in conventional media. Phosphorylations of amylose and poly(vinyl alcohol) were conducted in supercritical carbon dioxide, yielding phosphate ester derivatives with phosphorus contents of 3.70% and 0.88%, respectively. Treatment of poly(vinyl alcohol), starch, maltodextrins, cellulose acetate and paper with mixtures of supercritical carbon dioxide and oxygen (19:1 v/v) led to the corresponding oxidized materials.
Посилання на статтю:
Supercritical fluids: puissant media for the modification of polymers and biopolymers / Manssur Yalpani // Polymer. – 1993. – Vol 34. – P. 1102-1105.