The morphology of isothermally crystallized samples of two copolymers of poly (ether ketone) (PEK) has been examined using X-ray diffraction and differential scanning calorimetry (d.s.c.) techniques and compared with that of the PEK homopolymer. One copolymer contains 15 mol% of aryl ether sulfone (ES) units, whose homopolymer, 'PES', does not normally crystallize. The second copolymer contains 33 mol% of ether biphenyl ether ketone (EDEK) units, whose homopolymer, 'PEDEK', does crystallize. The crystal structure of PEDEK has a close resemblance to that of poly(ether ether ketone) (PEEK) and has a unit cell with a = 7.72 A, b = 5.94 A and c = 37.5 A. Both the ES and EDEK copolymers have a depressed Tm and reduced crystallinity. D.s.c. scans of both copolymers and PEK show a small low-temperature endotherm about 20°C above the crystallization temperature, together with an almost invariant final endotherm. At lower crystallization temperatures, the EDEK copolymer can show an additional middle endotherm at 315°C, which is associated with the melting of an EDEK lattice, which is then replaced by a higher-melting EK lattice. The formation of the EDEK structures is difficult to reproduce and indicates a competition in the kinetics of nucleation of the crystals. The ES copolymer crystallizes over the middle of the crystallization range with an EK cell consistent with exclusion of ES units. However, in the lower- and higher-temperature regions there is a change in the diffraction, indicating an association of the ES units with the crystals. At lower temperatures the ES copolymer can also show a middle d.s.c, peak
Посилання на статтю:
The crystal structure of poly(ether ketone) copolyrners / D. J. Blundell* and V. Bayon // Polymer. – 1993. – Vol 34. – P. 1354-1360.