The effects of poly(vinyl acetate) (PVAc) and CaCOa on the cure kinetics, mechanical properties and surface rugosities of unsaturated polyester (UP) resins were studied. When the ratio of styrene to UP unsaturation was kept constant, PVAc did not have any effect on cure kinetics, maximum conversion or glass transition temperature of the crosslinked UP resin. The addition of CaCO3 led to a decrease in the induction period of the copolymerization, without any significant action on the subsequent cure rate. The addition of PVAc was only effective in promoting an excellent copy of the mould surface at concentrations higher than the critical one leading to co-continuous structures (8 wt% for the formulation used in the present study). The use of PVAc at concentrations beyond the critical value did not produce further improvements in the surface quality. The simultaneous use of both PVAc and CaCO 3 in UP formulations led to materials with very low strength and impact resistance, and with only a moderate ability to reproduce the mould surface
Посилання на статтю:
Cure of unsaturated polyester resins: 2. Influence of low-profile additives and fillers on the polymerization reaction, mechanical properties and surface rugosities / Juan C. Lucas and Julio Borrajo and Roberto J. J. Williams // Polymer. – 1993. – Vol 34. – P. 1886-1890.