The glass transition (~) and secondary transition (fl) are compared in various aliphatic polyamides swollen by water, alcohol and acid. For all these polymer-solvent systems, the evolution of the temperature T~ with the equilibrium sorption ratio presents two regimes. In the low-concentration regime, the dependence of T~ on the number n of absorbed solvent molecules per accessible amide group follows a master curve independent of the nature of the system. No master curve is, however, observed for the fl transition. In the second regime, above a critical ratio n* dependent on the nature of both the solvent and the polymer, T, levels off, and the maximum concentration of absorbed solvent is proportional to n*. These effects are explained in terms of solvent clustering around the amide groups
Посилання на статтю:
Remarks on the a and B transitions in swollen polyamides / H. M. Le Huy and J. Rault // Polymer. – 1994. – Vol 35. – P. 136-139.