Linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE) was irradiated with electron beam radiation at room temperature and in the melt. It was found that the gel point, as measured by an insoluble fraction in boiling xylene, occurred at a slightly lower radiation dose for melt irradiated samples. The melt radiation-crosslinked samples showed different melt rheological properties from the room-temperature radiation-crosslinked samples, as exemplified by the stress relaxing more slowly in a step strain experiment (relaxation modulus) for the former at a given radiation dose. The relaxation modulus could be fitted to a power-law expression consisting of two parameters, which, when plotted against each other, resulted in a single master curve for both irradiation temperatures. The curve showed two distinct regions of differing slope, which intersect at a point argued to represent a pseudogel point.
Посилання на статтю:
The gel and rheological behaviour of radiation-crosslinked linear low-density polyethylene / P. J. Halley and M. E. Mackay // Polymer. – 1994. – Vol 35. – P. 2186-2191.