The possibility of utilizing alkaline hydrolysis for studying changes in the properties of thermotropic liquid crystalline copolyester fibres is evaluated. The copolyester fibre manufactured from 4-hydroxybenzoic acid (HBA) and 2-hydroxy 6-naphthoic acid (HNA) in a molar ratio of 73/27 HBA/HNA was hydrolysed at 21°C with 2.5 M NaOH, 0.1% cetyltrimethylammonium bromide solution. After hydrolysis the shape of the HBA/HNA fibre cross-section changed from round to polygonal, unlike the cross-section of poly(ethylene terephthalate) fibre which does not change in shape after a similar treatment. Although heat treatment markedly increased the tenacity of HBA/HNA fibre, the tenacity fell steadily with increasing weight loss by hydrolysis. In contrast, the tenacity of the non-heat-treated fibre remained constant up to a weight loss of 58%, indicating that hydrolysis was occurring at the fibre periphery and leaving its core unaffected. For both the heat-treated and non-heat-treated products the initial modulus of the fibres fell progressively with increasing weight loss. Significant change in brittleness did not appear to occur when either form of HBA/HNA fibre was hydrolysed to a weight loss of 38%.
Посилання на статтю:
The potential for using alkaline hydrolysis to study the fine structure of fibres manufactured from a thermotropic liquid crystalline copolyester / S. H. Zeronian*, G. Buschle-Diller and M. K. Inglesby // Polymer. – 1994. – Vol 35. – P. 2587-2590.