The morphology of polymer blends of poly(e-caprolactone) (PCL) and poly(vinyl methyl ether) (PVME) is compared with that of PCL and a random copolymer of styrene and acrylonitrile (SAN). The main objective is to determine the influence of the glass transition temperature of the amorphous component (TB,,) on the morphology of the semicrystalline polymer blends. These blends represent the two extreme cases corresponding to Tc < Ts,a and Tc > Tg.,, where Tc is the crystallization temperature. The morphology of these blends, with PVME and SAN representing the amorphous components, have been studied by small angle X-ray scattering. For both blends the long period increases with the addition of amorphous polymer, which is a strong indication for an interlamellar morphology. D.s.c. experiments, including enthalpy relaxation, are used to investigate the crystallinity and the interphases. The overall amount of crystallinity in both blends decreases with increasing content of amorphous polymer. However, the fraction of PCL that crystallizes decreases in PCL/SAN and increases slightly in PCL/PVME. Apparently, the addition of the low T~,, PVME improves the crystallization of PCL in accordance with a simple Gamblers Ruin Model type argument. The high Tg,a of SAN means this does not occur in PCL/SAN blends. Conventional d.s.c. experiments show an interphase of pure amorphous PCL in PCL/SAN blends and enthalpy relaxation experiments demonstrate its presence in PCL/PVME blends as well.
Посилання на статтю:
A comparison between the morphology of semicrystalline polymer blends of poly(e -caprolactone)/poly(vinyl methyl ether) and poly(e-caprolactone)/(styrene-acrylonitrile) / A. A. C. M. Oudhuis*, H. J. Thiewes, P. F. van Hutten and G. ten Brinke // Polymer. – 1994. – Vol 35. – P. 3936-3942.