Tensile creep data have been obtained for poly(vinyl chloride) at a number of temperatures ranging from 21.5 to 58°C. The results were obtained from specimens of different age characterized by the elapsed time te between quenching a sample from 85°C to the test temperature and the start of the creep test. A model for interpreting non-linear creep data has been developed to describe the creep behaviour of the material as a function of both age and temperature. The results show that the effect of physical ageing is to progressively reduce the level of the relaxed fl compliance and to increase the mean retardation time of the glass-rubber relaxation process. The effect of conducting creep tests on specimens of the same age at progressively higher temperatures is the opposite: the level of the relaxed fl compliance increases whilst the mean retardation times of the ~ process decrease. Neither the ageing rate nor the shape of the distribution of retardation times are affected by temperature.
Посилання на статтю:
The effect of temperature on creep and physical ageing of poly(vinyl chloride) / P. E. Tomlins*, B. E. Read and G. D. Dean // Polymer. – 1994. – Vol 35. – P. 4376-4381.