A new approach to the study of the local organization in amorphous polymer materials is presented. The method couples neutron diffraction experiments that explore the structure on the spatial scale 1-20 A with the reverse Monte Carlo fitting procedure to predict structures that accurately represent the experimental scattering results over the whole momentum transfer range explored. Molecular mechanics and molecular dynamics techniques are also used to produce atomistic models independently from any experimental input, thereby providing a test of the viability of the reverse Monte Carlo method in generating realistic models for amorphous polymeric systems. An analysis of the obtained models in terms of single chain properties and of orientational correlations between chain segments is presented. We show the viability of the method with data from molten polyethylene. The analysis derives a model with average C-C and C-H bond lengths of 1.55,~ and 1.1 A respectively, average backbone valence angle of 112:, a torsional angle distribution characterized by a fraction oftrans conformers of 0.67 and, finally, a weak interchain orientational correlation at around 4 A.
Посилання на статтю:
A complete atomistic model of molten polyethylene from neutron scattering data: a new methodology for polymer structure / B. Rosi-Schwartz* and G. R. Mitchell // Polymer. – 1994. – Vol 35. – P. 5398-5407.