Small-angle X-ray scattering was carried out on as-spun and heat-treated poly(p-phenylene benzobisoxazole) (PBO) fibre. While as-spun PBO fibre exhibits only an equatorial streak, generally attributed to elongated voids or fibrils, the heat-treated fibre shows in addition a radial four-point pattern. The long period and radial spacing of this pattern are 28 and 15 nm, respectively. The spacings do not vary with heat-treatment temperature. As the angle defined by the plane normal to the fibre axis and the X-ray beam is increased from 0 ° to 30 ~ to 60 °, the four-point pattern gradually changes to a two-point pattern. The measured long period in the tilted fibre is a projection of that in the untilted fibre. Various possible morphological models are discussed.
Посилання на статтю:
On the small-angle X-ray scattering of rigid-rod polymer fibres / Satish Kumar and Steve Warner and D. T. Grubb // Polymer. – 1994. – Vol 35. – P. 5408-5412.