Poly(diaza-3n-crown-n)s having hydroxyethyl side arms (PDC,s: n = 5-7) were prepared, and their effects on the ionic conductivity of both inorganic salts and cation conductive polymers were analysed. A series of alkali metal perchlorates (MC10,,: M = Li, Na, K, Rb, and Cs) were mixed with the PDC. materials. However, although ionic conductivity better than 10-6Scm - ~ above 60°C was achieved, no effect was seen of any specific coupling of the cation and the crown cavity size on the ionic conductivity. This was probably due to the contribution of the anion conduction. In order to neglect the effect of anion migration, cation conductive polymers were mixed with the PDC, materials. K + and Na + showed the lowest ionic conductivity in PDC 6 and PDC 5, respectively, reflecting stronger interactions with crown ethers having more suitable cavity sizes. The presence of crown ether units in the polymer was also suggested as being responsible for accelerating the dissociation of salts with cations which were smaller than the size of the crown ether cavity.
Посилання на статтю:
Conduction of alkali metal cations in poly(diaza-crown ether)s having hydroxyethyl side arms / Hiroyuki Ohno* and Yasushi Inoue // Polymer. – 1994. – Vol 35. – P. 5753-5757.