We investigated thermal, rheological, morphological and mechanical properties of an in situ composite of poly(ether imide) (PEI) and thermotropic liquid crystalline polymer (TLCP). Ultem 1000 was used as a matrix and Vectra B950 was used as the in situ reinforcing TLCP. Fibre-spinning of the blends was performed on a capillary rheometer. Differential scanning calorimetry thermograms of extruded fibres indicated that the thermal properties of PEI did not change noticeably with the amount of TLCP but thermogravimetric analysis showed that thermal stability of the blend was decreased with the amount of TLCP. Immiscibility was checked with thermal data. The rheological properties of the blends changed remarkably with temperature and composition. The tensile strength and modulus of blend fibre increased with TLCP content and spin draw ratio. The increase of tensile strength was more striking for the fibre of the blend containing more TLCP. Wide angle X-ray patterns suggested that the increase in tensile strength was due to the enhanced molecular orientation and resultant fibrillation of TLCP. A modified Tsai-Halpin equation was used to predict the aspect ratio of microfibrils for these blends. Morphology of the blend showed that PEI/TLCP fibres contained fine fibrils of almost infinite aspect ratio and nearly perfect orientation in the flow direction. The draw ratio effect on the mechanical properties was remarkable at low draw ratio, but levelled off soon. The amount of TLCP influenced the fibril formation. Morphological observation showed the effect of thermal history of the blend and its effect on mechanical performance. The blend showed maximum aspect ratio and aspect ratio change when TLCP content was 25 wt%. TLCP orientation and its steric effect seem to induce the optimum TLCP amount for fibril formation.
Посилання на статтю:
Characterization and processing of blends of poly(ether imide) with thermotropic liquid crystalline polymer / Sangmook Lee, Soon Man Hong, Yongsok Seo, Tae Suk Park,Seung Sang Hwang and Kwang Ung Kim // Polymer. – 1994. – Vol 35. – P. 519-531.