Steady shear flow values of the normal stress ratio W = - N2/N 1 are compared for monodisperse polystyrene solutions in the concentrated entangled and semidilute entangled regimes. In both regimes, the zero shear rate limiting values are the same: Wo =0.275___ 0.005. Surprisingly, the molecular weight required for full entanglement (on the basis of W0) scales with concentration as C 1.5+o.t, rather than C-1 as commonly supposed. The value of q% is insensitive to fractional free volume and to solvent affinity for polystyrene, even at semidilute concentrations. However, te depends on the shear rate, with shear-thinning behaviour in all solvents. Shear thinning of ud has not been widely reported, probably because of the 'edge fracture' flow instability in rotational rheometers. In concentrated solutions or melts, edge fracture usually occurs before W shear thins by a significant amount
Посилання на статтю:
Concentrated entangled and semidilute entangled polystyrene solutions and the second normal stress difference / J. J. Magda and S. G. Baek // Polymer. – 1994. – Vol 35. – P. 1187-1194.