Investigation of the nature of the freezing bound water in xanthan hydrogels by differential scanning calorimetry (d.s.c.) reveals a dependence of the area, temperature and number of the freezing exotherms on the period of time that the gel was maintained at a temperature greater than the gel-sol transition temperature (T*). Small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and synchrotron orbital radiation (SOR) experiments show a correlation between the holding time of the gel at temperatures in excess of T* and the size of the junction zones which maintain the integrity of the gel. High-temperature annealing also increases the elastic moduli of the gels. These results are discussed in terms of a general model for the dynamic structure of polysaccharide junction zones previously proposed by the authors.
Посилання на статтю:
The effect of annealing on the conformational properties of xanthan hydrogels / Francis X. Quinn* and Tatsuko Hatakeyama // Polymer. – 1994. – Vol 35. – P. 1248-1252.