The organic-inorganic hybrid interpenetrating network (IPN) composed of an epoxide-amine network and silica was prepared and studied. Formation of the inorganic phase from tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) by sol-gel process was characterized by 29Si n.m.r. spectroscopy, gas chromatography, small-angle X-ray scattering and electron microscopy. Kinetics of the silica structure build-up in the organic matrix, its final structure and morphology depend on the method of IPN hybrid preparation. The large compact silica aggregates, 100-300 nm in diameter, are formed during the one-stage polymerization. The two-stage process with the acid prehydrolysis of TEOS leads to an acceleration of gelation and formation of more open and smaller silica structures: 50-100 nm in diameter. The most homogeneous hybrid morphology with the smallest silica domains of size lo-20 nm, appears in the sequential IPN. The development of the silica structure is restricted by a rigid reaction medium of the preformed epoxide network
Посилання на статтю:
Formation and structure of the epoxy-silica aybrids / Libor MatGjka , Karel DuSek, Josef PleGtil, Jaroslav KG, Frantigek Lednicklj // Polymer. – 1999. – N 40. – P. 171–181.