A successful micronization of water-insoluble poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) into narrowly distributed nanoparticles stable in water has not only enabled us to study the enzymatic biodegradation of PCL in water at 25°C by a combination of static and dynamic laser light scattering (LLS), but also to shorten the biodegradation time by a factor of more than 10 3 compared with using a thin PCL film, i.e. a 1 week conventional experiment becomes a 4 min one. The time-average scattering intensity decreased linearly. It was interesting to find that the decrease of the scattering intensity was not accompanied by a decrease of the average size of the PCL nanoparticles, indicating that the enzyme, Lipase Pseudomonas (PS), ''eats’’ the PCL nanoparticles one-by-one, so that the biodegradation rate is determined mainly by the enzyme concentration. Moreover, we found that using anionic sodium lauryl sulphate instead of cationic hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide as surfactant in the micronization can prevent the biodegradation, suggesting that the biodegradation involves two essential steps: the adsorption of slightly negatively charged Lipase PS onto the PCL nanoparticles and the interaction between Lipase PS and PCL.
Посилання на статтю:
A novel laser light-scattering study of enzymatic biodegradation of poly(e-caprolactone) nanoparticles / Zhihua Gan, Jim Tsz Fung, Xiabin Jing, Chi Wu,c, W.-K. Kuliche // Polymer. – 1999. – N 40. – P. 1961–1967.