The influence of glass beads on the phase transition of syndiotactic polypropene has been investigated. The glass transition at 4°C, detected by means of dynamic mechanical analysis, and multiple melt behaviour, detected by means of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), does not depend upon the presence of glass bead fillers. However, dynamic mechanical analysis shows an unexpected phase transition at 55°C. This transition, which is not found for neat syndiotactic polypropene, can be also detected by DSC and pressure–volume–temperature (PVT) measurements. The signal detected by PVT appears at higher temperatures, due to higher pressure during measurement. Wide angle X-ray scattering (WAXS) measurements reveal that neat syndiotactic polypropene crystallizes in unit cell II, whereas glass bead-filled syndiotactic polypropene crystallizes in unit cells I and II. Glass bead-filled syndiotactic polypropene, heated up above 60°C, shows a WAXS pattern corresponding to unit cell II. From these results, it can be concluded, that glass beads can nucleate the formation of unit cell type I, which transforms into unit cell type II upon heating at 55°C.
Посилання на статтю:
Influence of glass bead fillers on phase transitions of syndiotactic polypropene / F. Stricker, R.-D. Maier, M. Bruch, R. Thomann, R. Mülhaupt // Polymer. – 1999. – N 40. – P. 2077–2084.