Cellulose and dextran are biosynthesized polysaccharides, made of glucose repeat units linked together by (b 1 → 4) and (a 1 → 6) linkages, respectively. Furthermore, cellulose has two hydroxyl groups and one hydroxymethyl group per glucose ring, while dextran has three hydroxyl groups and no hydroxymethyl group. This work deals with the characterization of dielectric secondary relaxations of amorphous dextran and cellulose. Dextran exhibits two dielectric secondary relaxations referred to as g ddex and b ddex, while cellulose has only one very broad relaxation, g dcell. The g ddex relaxation process has an average activation energy and a pre-exponential time t o of 32 kJ mol ¹1 and 5 х 10 ¹15 s respectively. This weakly cooperative relaxation process should be associated with the rotation of hydroxyl groups. The b ddex relaxation has an average activation energy and a pre-exponential time t o of 82 kJ mol ¹1 and 10 ¹20 s respectively. This activation energy has both enthalpic and entropic contributions. The comparison with mechanical relaxation data indicates that b ddex results mainly from the motions of main chain segments. The analysis of the two dielectric relaxations of dextran leads to the conclusion that g dcell could result from the overlap of two processes corresponding respectively to the rotation of hydroxyl groups and to the rotation of hydroxymethyl groups.
Посилання на статтю:
Secondary dielectric relaxations in dried amorphous cellulose and dextran / H. Montès, J.Y. Cavaillé // Polymer. – 1999. – N 40. – P. 2649–2657.