An aromatic polyimide containing pendent hydroxyl groups ortho to the heterocyclic imide nitrogen was found to rearrange to a polybenzoxazole, with quantitative loss of carbon dioxide, upon heating above 400°C in an inert atmosphere. A hydroxy-containing polyimide film based on 3,3',4,4'-biphenyltetracarboxylic dianhydride (BPDA) and 3,3'-dihydroxy-4,4'-diaminobiphenyl (HAB) was prepared and converted to a fully aromatic polybenzoxazole by heating at 500°C for 1 h under nitrogen. The resulting polybenzoxazole film was found to be amorphous by small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). The film also displayed excellent solvent resistance and good thermal stability by thermogravimetric analysis with 5% weight loss in nitrogen occurring at 625°C. A hydroxy-containing imide model compound was also found to undergo thermal conversion to a bisbenzoxazole when heated above 400°C under nitrogen.
Посилання на статтю:
Unexpected thermal conversion of hydroxy-containing polyimides to polybenzoxazoles / Gordon L. Tullos, Lon J. Mathias // Polymer. – 1999. – N 40. – P. 3463–3468.