Unique thermal treatments were performed and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray diffraction analysis were used to characterize the dominating crystal form(s) being developed in cold-crystallized syndiotactic polystyrene (s-PS) in comparison with meltcrystallized polystyrene. The DSC results revealed that there are three (or fewer depending on the temperature of melt-crystallization) sharp melting peaks (Peak-1, -2, and -3) for the melt-crystallized s-PS samples, but only one peak (broad-based) for the cold-crystallized s-PS (when scanned at 10°C/min). The X-ray result suggested that cold-crystallization at higher than 200°C (200 ⬃ 250°C) produced only a -type crystal (or majority). This is in distinct contrast with melt-crystallization, which produced a combination of a -type (Peak-2 and Peak-3) and b -type (Peak-1) crystals at lower temperatures (240°C or lower), or majority of b -type if at temperatures higher than 260°C.
Посилання на статтю:
Polymer Communication Crystal forms in cold-crystallized syndiotactic polystyrene / E.M. Woo, Ya Sen Sun, Meng Lu Lee // Polymer. – 1999. – N 40. – P. 4425–4429.