An improved synthetic route to a previously prepared self-polymerizable poly(phenylquinoxaline) (PPQ) monomer mixture, i.e., 2-(4hydroxyphenyl)-3-phenyl-6-fluoroquinoxaline and 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-phenyl-6-fluoroquinoxaline, was developed. The monomer mixture was then polymerized in stages in N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone/toluene and in N-cyclohexyl-2-pyrrolidinone at elevated temperatures in the presence of potassium carbonate. Polymer samples were obtained that had intrinsic viscosities as high as 1.64 dl/g in m-cresol at 30.0 ^ 0.1°C and glass transition temperatures (Tgs) of 250–252°C. Thin films of the PPQ had a room temperature (RT) tensile strength of 114 MPa, a RT Young’s modulus of 3.7 GPa, and a RT elongation at break of 93%. The neat resin had a flexural modulus of 3.12 GPa, a fracture energy (G1c) of 2170 J/m 2 and a titanium–titanium lap shear strength of 31.4 MPa at room temperature. The polymer melt underwent shear thinning at 320°C. The melt viscosity decreased from 10 5to 10 6 Pa s to less than 10 4 Pa s as the frequency was increased from 10 ⫺2 to 10 2 rad/s. Carbon-fiber(T650)(R)-reinforced composites of the PPQ were prepared and their mechanical properties determined.
Посилання на статтю:
Development of a new poly(phenylquinoxaline) for adhesive and composite applications / B.-S. Kim, J.E. Korleski, Y. Zhang, D.J. Klein, F.W. Harris // Polymer. – 1999. – N 40. – P. 4553–4562.