Recently we reported on chitosan hydrogel systems having excellent laser damage resistance. The measured laser damage threshold (LDT) was better than BK7 glass and quartz, commonly used inorganic optical materials, and 20 to 35 times higher than commercial PMMA, a popular polymer optical material. In this study, we continue our investigation of the phase transition behavior of water within the hydrogels by means of oscillatory shear rheology. The crystallization and melting behavior of ice in these hydrogels is greatly affected by the internal structure of the network. Changes in this structure are probed by comparing differences in the rheological measurements at temperatures above and below freezing. Trends among the measured shear storage modulus (G 0 ), shear loss modulus (G 00 ) and shear loss tangent (tan d ) are shown to be related to the mobility of water within the gels. The activation energy associated with the melting of ice in a particular hydrogel was found to be significantly higher than the melting enthalpy of pure ice, suggesting imperfection in the ice crystals and/or a low degree of crystallinity in the hydrogel.
Посилання на статтю:
Rheology of highly swollen chitosan/polyacrylate hydrogels / H. Jiang,b, W. Su,c, P.T. Mather, T.J. Bunning, // Polymer. – 1999. – N 40. – P. 4593–4602.