A polyacrylonitrile (PAN) fibre, Dralon T (DT), and a copolymer manufactured as a carbon fibre precursor, Special Acrylic Fibre (SAF), were studied as received and after heat-treatment in air at various temperatures up to 3008C. Wide angle X-ray scattering (WAXS) was undertaken on single fibres, fibre bundles and films, utilizing both conventional and synchrotron sources. With a conventional source, the normal WAXS pattern was observed for both polymers, i.e. two main equatorial reflections, a diffuse equatorial reflection and a diffuse offequatorial reflection. With a synchrotron source, seven equatorial WAXS reflections could be detected in DT. Also, a sharp, meridional reflection was observed in SAF as received and in DT after stretching at 1008C. Unpolarized and polarized infra-red spectra were obtained from single fibres and films by FTIR microscopy. A measure of the extent of reaction (EOR) following heat-treatment was derived from the intensity of the nitrile absorption and the intensity of absorption at 1600 cm 21: EOR [I1600/(ICN 1 I1600)]. Two complementary measures of orientation were used to follow changes on heat-treatment: the peak width at half-height of an azimuthal plot of the most intense WAXS reflection and the nitrile dichroic ratio from FTIR microscopy. For fibres held under tension during heat-treatment, the degree of orientation by either measure did not decrease until the EOR exceeded 0.5. Solid-state 13C NMR, together with IR results, indicated that at least three chemical processes occurred on heat-treatment: nitrile reaction, conjugated C C formation and oxidation.
Посилання на статтю:
Thermal stabilization of polyacrylonitrile fibres / Stephen Dalton, Frank Heatley, Peter M. Budd // Polymer. – 1999. – N 40. – P. 5531–5543.