High molecular weight segmented polyurethaneurea (PUU) copolymers based on an aliphatic diisocyanate, bis(4-isocyanatocyclohexyl)methane and mixed hydrophilic and hydrophobic soft segments were prepared. Hydrophilic blocks consisted of poly(ethyleneoxide) (PEO) of molecular weight 1450 g/mol, whereas the hydrophobic blocks were poly(tetramethylene oxide) of molecular weight 2000 g/mol. Ethylene diamine was used as the chain extender. Hard segment contents of the copolymers were kept constant at 18%, whereas PEO contents were varied between 0% and 50% by weight. Water vapor permeation rates (WVPR) of thin films (23–178 mm) cast from dimethylformamide solutions were determined. In studies performed at 238C and 50% relative humidity, the relationship between PEO content and WVPR followed an S-shaped curve. For copolymers containing up to about 15% by weight of PEO, WVPR were fairly low. This was followed by a region where WVPR increased continuously for membranes containing between 15% and 30% PEO. Further increase in PEO content above 30% did not influence the WVPR substantially. There was also a dramatic increase in WVPR with an increase in temperature from 238C to 378C. Activation energy of permeation was determined to be 91.5 kJ for PUU containing 22.0% by weight of PEO. Equilibrium water absorption levels of PUU containing different levels of PEO in their backbone structures followed a similar trend to that of WVPR. Hydrophilic PUUs showed good tensile properties and mechanical integrity even at very high levels of water absorption.
Посилання на статтю:
Hydrophilic polyurethaneurea membranes: influence of soft block composition on the water vapor permeation rates / Iskender Yilgör, Emel Yilgör // Polymer. – 1999. – N 40. – P. 5575–5581.