Films of 1:1 blend and films non-blended were prepared from poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) and poly(d-lactic acid) (PDLA) with a solution casting method, and the mechanical properties and morphology of the films were investigated using tensile tests, dynamic mechanical relaxation measurements, polarizing optical microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray diffractometry. The tensile strength, Young’s modulus, and the elongation-at-break of 1:1 blend films were found to be higher than those of non-blended films when their weight-average molecular weight (Mw) was in the range 1 × 10 5 –1 × 10 6. The enthalpy of melting for stereocomplex crystallites in 1:1 blend films was higher than that of homo-crystallites when Mw of polymers was below 2 × 10 5, while this relationship was reversed when MW increased to 1 × 10 6. Spherulites formation was suppressed in 1:1 blend films, whereas large-sized spherulites with radii of 100–1000 mm were formed for non-blended PLLA and PDLA films, irrespective of Mw. The mechanical properties of 1:1 blend films superior to those of non-blended films were ascribed to the micro-phase structure difference generated as a result of formation of many stereocomplex crystallites which acted as intermolecular cross-links during solvent evaporation of blend solution. On the contrary, non-blended films had larger-sized spherulites of less contacting area with the surrounding spherulites.
Посилання на статтю:
Stereocomplex formation between enantiomeric poly(lactic acid)s. XI. Mechanical properties and morphology of solution-cast films / H. Tsuji, Y. Ikada, // Polymer. – 1999. – N 40. – P. 6699–6708.