Structure and morphology of lamellar crystals of two polyamides derived from 2-methylpentamethylenediamine (MPMD) and dibasic acids with 4 or 8 methylenes have been studied by transmission electron microscopy, electron diffraction and X-ray diffraction. The crystallographic unit cell of MPMD-6 is triclinic with a 4.85, b 5.90, c (chain axis) 30.4 Å, a 115.40, b 99.9 and g 61.1°, the chain axis direction is not coincident with the c ⴱ reciprocal axis. These dimensions suggest a hydrogen-bonded sheet structure with a single hydrogen bond direction and a twist of 180° in the odd diamine unit. MPMD-10 shows two crystalline structures. The most abundant being a monoclinic unit cell with a 4.79, b 5.67, c (chain axis) 36.3 Å and g 61.8°. The less abundant structure was only observed in oriented fibers and was similar to the MPMD-6 crystalline structure. Single crystals of both MPMD-6 and MPMD-10 polyamides grow preferentially along their single hydrogen bond direction.
Посилання на статтю:
Polymer Communication Structure of odd–even nylons derived from 2-methylpentamethylenediamine. Effect of the side methyl group / P. Villaseñor, L. Franco, J. Puiggalı́ // Polymer. – 1999. – N 40. – P. 6887–6892.