The temperature dependence of the elastic modulus E 1 of crystalline regions in the direction parallel to the chain axis has been measured by X-ray diffraction for poly (vinyl alcohol ) ( PVA ) with different tacticities. The E l value for PVA with 55.4% syndiotactic diads, sPVA(55.4%), decreased above 120°C, which was in accordance with that of atactic PVA. The lattice spacing for the (0 2 0) plane (the fibre axis is b) also decreased with increasing temperature. The thermal expansion coefficient ~c changed discontinuously around the temperature range where E l began to decrease. These phenomena could be explained using the kinked-chain model, where a small amount of a contracted portion, such as a kink, was incorporated into the chain molecule as in the case of atactic PVA. On the other hand, the E~ value of sPVA(63.0%) remained unchanged till 150°C. The value of ~o did not change with increasing temperature in this case. Consequently, the molecular motion that is responsible for the decrement of E~ is considered to be restricted for sPVA (63.0%) because of strong intermolecular hydrogen bonds. Further, increasing the syndiotacticity is considered to be one of the most effective ways to introduce high heat resistance into PVA
Посилання на статтю:
Studies on the temperature dependence of the elastic modulus of crystalline regions of polymers: 14. Poly (vinyl alcohol ) with different tacticities* / Katsuhiko Nakamae, Takashi Nishino and Hikaru Ohkubo // Polymer. – 1992. – Vol 33. – P. 2581-2586.