Thermally stimulated currents (t.s.c.s) and a.c. dielectric spectroscopy were used to study poly(butylene terephthalate) (PBT) and blends of PBT with segmented copoly (ester-ether) elastomers. The high sensitivity of t.s.c, and a.c. dielectric techniques as compared to d.s.c, was useful for the study of these blends where the elastomer phase was present at only 20%. The techniques together cover a frequency range of 5 x 10-3-10 s Hz allowing detailed characterization of amorphous relaxations in these phase separated blends. Two separate glass transitions for the PBT/copoly(ester-ether) blends were observed, unchanged from the original pure components, indicating that they are immiscible and that ester exchange during processing was minimal. Peak assignments are made using a new analysis scheme by comparing activation energies (Ea) determined by the t.s.c, thermal sampling technique with predicted values using the activated states equation. With this method all values of E a agree with the zero activation entropy prediction except those measured in the vicinity of glass transitions.
Посилання на статтю:
Studies of phase separated copolymer blends using thermally stimulated currents and dielectric spectroscopy / Bryan B. Sauer, Peter Avakian and Gordon M. Cohen // Polymer. – 1992. – Vol 33. – P. 2666-2671.
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