The surface composition of blends of poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) with polystyrene (PS), poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) and random copolymers of styrene and methyl methacrylate (MMAS) has been studied as a function of blend and copolymer compositions. In the case of homopolymer blends, only the incompatible blend PEO/PS showed significant surface enrichment in PS following annealing at temperatures above the T~ of the two constituents and the Tm of PEO. The compatible system PEO/PMMA presented a mixed surface. Surface enrichment in the MMAS copolymers was observed in all PEO/MMAS blends with styrene contents in excess of 2% w/w. This has been attributed to the incompatibility between the PEO and the MMAS copolymers as shown by the ternary phase diagram PEO/MMAS/CHCI3 and the melting-point depression of the PEO-rich phases with varying copolymer composition and concentration. Angle-dependent X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy provided an indication of the depth-concentration profile of the blend. The results of these measurements demonstrate that increased styrene content in the MMAS copolymer produces deeper concentration profiles, which reached down to 69 A from the surface. Mean-field calculations of the depth-concentration profile for a selected system gave very good agreement with the experimental data.
Посилання на статтю:
Effect of polymer compatibility on surface enrichment in polymer blends / Panos Sakellariou // Polymer. – 1993. – Vol 34. – P. 3408-3415.