Nylon 13,13 samples were prepared by various solvent-casting and thermal-treatment methods. Melt-quenched material showed broad, amorphous-like peaks in the X-ray powder pattern (at 20=21 ° , 4.2 A) and both the ~3C and 15N solid-state n.m.r, spectra. Two different crystal forms of this polymer could be generated using different methods: a type A form was obtained by extended annealing just below the melting temperature and by film casting from 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoroisopropanol, while a type B form developed on precipitating from m-cresol into methanol or film casting from m-cresol. The X-ray pattern for type A was similar to those of other nylons possessing an or-crystal form, although the n.m.r, data, especially the strong, sharp 15N peak at 88.7 ppm, was more consistent with a 7-phase. The type B crystals gave an X-ray pattern similar to those of other y-form nylons and to the pseudohexagonal phase observed in some homo- and copolyamides. The n.m.r, data for the type B form (especially the sharp ~SN peak at 87.3 ppm) seemed to indicate an amide conformation of c. 30 ° with respect to the planes of the attached all-trans methylene chains; this value is half-way between those of the ct and 7-crystal forms of most nylons (~ 5N chemical shifts of c. 84 and 89 ppm, respectively). We believe these crystal forms are unique to nylon 13,13 but have insufficient data to further describe the molecular conformations and crystalline packings that correspond to each.
Посилання на статтю:
Nylon 13,13 analysis by X-ray and solid state n.m.r.: treatment-dependent crystal forms / C. Gregory Johnson and Lon J. Mathias // Polymer. – 1993. – Vol 34. – P. 4978-4981.
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