Dynamic and tensile mechanical properties of a series of graft rigid-rod copolymers were studied. The copolymers were single-component rigid-rod molecular composites consisting of a rigid-rod poly(pphenytenebenzobisthiazole) backbone grafted with flexible-coil poly(oxy-l,3-phenylenecarbonyl-l,4-phenylene) side-chains. Dynamic storage moduli of the graft copolymers showed three characteristic regions: an initial plateau region, a transition zone and a second plateau region. The peak transition temperatures of the dynamic loss modulus curves were independent of the rigid-rod backbone length but decreased with increasing side-chain lengths, suggesting that the transition was a secondary transition associated with localized motions of the flexible side-chains. The graft rigid-rod copolymers were compression moulded into tensile test specimens at temperatures above their peak transition temperatures. Although the specimens appeared well consolidated as evidenced by the scanning electron micrographs of tensile-fractured surfaces, their tensile properties were relatively poor compared with those reported for rigid-rod molecular composite blends. The significance of poor tensile properties is discussed based on the structural characteristics of the graft copolymers, namely the length of rigid-rod backbone, the frequency of graft sites, and the average contour length of flexible-coil side-chains.
Посилання на статтю:
Influence of molecular structure on processing conditions and mechanical properties of graft rigid-rod copolymers* / U. M. Vakil and C. S. Wangt, M. H. Dotrong and M. Dotrong // Polymer. – 1993. – Vol 34. – P. 731-735.