Polyethylene fibres of various draw ratio up to 30:1 have been crosslinked by electron beam irradiation in acetylene. The gel fraction increased with dose and showed a significant increase with draw ratio above 10:1. The fibres were examined by differential scanning calorimetry, dynamic mechanical analysis and X-ray crystallography. Fibres of higher draw ratio showed a sharper decrease in melting temperature with dose, ascribed to crosslinking at fold surfaces and greater chain scission, due to higher crystallinity. The main finding was that crosslinking increases the -50°C dynamic storage modulus at intermediate draw ratio (10:1), but not at low or high draw ratio. The results were interpreted via the random intercrystalline bridge model, which suggests that at 10:1, there is good interlamellar contact but very few intercrystalline bridges. The crosslinking can therefore link together adjacent lamellae at fold surfaces and hence provide crystalline continuity, increasing the modulus.
Посилання на статтю:
Effect of draw ratio on the structure and properties of electron beam crosslinked polyethylene / P. G. Klein*, J. A. Gonzalez-Orozco and I. M. Ward // Polymer. – 1994. – Vol 35. – P. 2044-2048.