Linear crystal growth rates of two narrow molecular weight fractions of syndiotactic polypropylene having the same syndiotacticity have been measured using polarized light microscopy over a temperature range of > 20°C. It has been found that a regime III to regime II transition at a supercooling of ~ 50°C exists. Structure analysis via electron diffraction (ED) experiments indicates that no change of growth planes has been found during this regime transition. Nevertheless, a gradual change of the crystal perfection due to a chain packing change from a crystal incorporated with isochiral packing defects to a majority of cell III structure in this supercooling range has been observed. The validity of the nucleation theory applied to s-PP is discussed. For the crystal morphological study, single crystals with rectangularly faceted lamellae can be grown at high crystallization temperatures (low supercooling) in thin s-PP film samples as observed via transmission electron microscopy. Similar to the results reported by Lovinger and Lotz, the ED patterns show that the long axis of the single lamellar crystal is the b-axis. On decreasing the crystallization temperature, spherulites are developed. Cracks on the lamellar crystals have been observed, and they are always perpendicular to the b-axis. This phenomenon has been explained by invoking the observation that the coefficient of thermal expansion along the b-axis is about one order of magnitude larger than that along the a-axis, as measured via wide-angle X-ray diffraction experiments. However, at high crystallization temperatures, the cracks are found less frequently. This is due to the pure cell III crystal packing that forms at these tempratures leading to the incorporation of fewer isochiral packing defects which promote crack initiation.
Посилання на статтю:
Crystallization, melting and morphology of syndiotactic polypropylene fractions: 2. Linear crystal growth rate and crystal morphology / Jonahira Rodriguez-Arnold, Zhengzheng Bu and Stephen Z. D. Cheng // Polymer. – 1994. – Vol 35. – P. 5194-5201.